Gum recession, usually caused by periodontal disease, can expose the tooth’s root. If you are experiencing root sensitivity, inflamed tissues or root exposure, you may be a candidate for gum grafting. The three types of gum grafting procedures include:
- Connective Tissue Grafts — These are the most common gum grafts used to treat root exposure. A flap of skin from the roof of your mouth will be cut and your doctor will remove a thin layer of tissue. The tissue will then be sutured to the affected area.
- Free Gingival Grafts — Similar to connective tissue grafts, a sample of the tissue from the roof of your mouth is removed. In this case, the doctor will not cut a flap of skin to remove it, but will remove it straight from the top of your mouth. This procedure is recommended for those who have naturally thin gums.
- Pedicle Grafts — This procedure takes the gum tissue surrounding the existing tooth that is in need of repair. This method is recommended for those who have plenty of gum tissue around the tooth in need of repair.
If you have periodontitis, you understand the critical nature of the pockets around your teeth. The buildup of plaque, if left untreated, can drastically affect the bone around your teeth. First the gum tissue is cut into a flap that allows access to the bone. The tooth root is cleaned and bone is smoothed, the gum tissue flap is then stitched back into place.
Periodontal maintenance is recommended to those who have had periodontal disease in the past. These maintenance appointments allow us to see how your oral health is progressing, and enable us to eliminate the buildup of bacteria.
This treatment removes the excess gum tissue and reduces the depth of the pockets where bacteria hide.
Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning that inhibits gum disease from spreading. By scraping away excess tartar (scaling) and smoothing out the rough edges thereafter (planing), gum disease is kept under control.
To learn more about our periodontal services including gum grafting, osseous surgery and scaling and root planing, please call our office at (502) 410-5401 today!